4.4.2 Disability in Tanzania
According to the 2002 national census, 3% of the Tanzanian population have a disability. Other official statistics (e.g. the 2002/2003 Poverty Analysis) claim that 10% of the population have a disability, which is equivalent to 3,456,000 persons. Disability is mainly caused by physical and visual impairments. There are a number of DPOs and organisations for people with disabilities. The disability movement in Tanzania is quite well-established. Shivyawata is an umbrella organisation of six DPOs representing different types of impairment plus their regional branches, and covers a large number of people. Other important DPOs in Dar Es Salaam are the Disabled Organization for Legal Affairs and Social Economic Development (DOLASED) and the Information Centre on Disability (ICD).