Making PRSP Inclusive
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4.6.5 Constraints

The NAP reflects the priorities of the BIWAKO framework and provides a sound basis for formulating policies, but there are difficulties in implementing the NAP at the provincial level. Insufficient data on disability, a lack of capacity, knowledge and financial resources all represent barriers to developing adequate strategies. Thus, so far only 20 provinces have developed a NAP.

Unlike in urban areas, there are only few grassroots disability groups or DPOs at the provincial level. The charity or medical models of disability are still being promoted, not only by representatives from the provincial government, but also by people with disabilities themselves . Due to limited access to education and the national disability movement, people with disabilities face a variety of difficulties that restrict their opportunities and ability to advocate for their rights: deficient self-images, low self-esteem and little background knowledge about disability and policies keep them from becoming specialists on their own issues.

The SHGs as well as the DPOs at national levels mainly encompass people with physical or sensory disabilities. The extent to which persons with intellectual difficulties can be encouraged to form self-help groups and advocate for their issues still remains unclear.

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