6.5.7 Other sectors
- Democratic governance and legislation
- Macroeconomic policies
- Statistical systems
Democratic governance and legislation
As mentioned above, governance and legislation address various sectors. An example of intervention can be the provision of legislation against discrimination. International standards, conventions, legislations and human rights can also provide orientation in this regard.
Examples from PRSPs
I-PRSP Afghanistan, 2006, p. 128:
"The Government will promote and protect disabled people’s rights by working towards removal of barriers that deter them from full participation in society, such as advocacy and increasing awareness of their special needs and promoting their hiring in the work force."
PRSP Burkina Faso, 2006, p. 96:
"Democratic governance: (vi) promoting and protecting the rights of special groups, such as women, children, the disabled, and other vulnerable or poor groups"
With regard to vulnerable groups, specific attention should be paid to the double discrimination that woman and children with disabilities experience. Gender is already a cross-cutting issue in the PRSP approach. As it is estimated that there are more women and girls with disabilities than men, this group needs special attention. Women are moreover doubly affected by disability in that they are much more likely to be providing care for disabled relatives than men.
Environment is also a cross-cutting issue in the PRSP approach: natural disasters cause impairments, so the prevention of natural disasters can also lead to a reduction in impairment.
The environment chapter of the World Bank's PRSP Sourcebook
Post-war and post-conflict countries include a peace-building section in their PRS.
PRSP Cambodia, 2006, p. 15:
"Mine Clearance is therefore very important for making arable land safe for cultivation and to prevent death and lifelong handicaps caused by severe injuries."
One of the main objectives of PRSPs is to encourage economic growth and stability by influencing the economic framework, e.g. via tax policy, fiscal management, customs administration or trade policy. All this has an effect on people with disabilities as well.<//font>
The World Bank's PRSP Sourcebook on Macroeconomic Issues
In developing countries statistical systems are generally fairly weak, which makes planning and decision-making difficult. The situation is even worse concerning disability statistics, and therefore the production of reliable disability data could be a PRS action point.<//font>
The World Bank's PRSP Sourcebook on Strengthening Statistical Systems
The Journal of the Disability Monitor Initiative in South-East Europe provides an overview on "Disability Statistics fight Invisibility".
The Washington Group on Disability Statistics has developed a short set of questions which can be included in National Censuses.